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Ingredient Dictionary

 A – D | E – K | L – R | S – Z

 ALBUMEN

Source: Simple protein that is soluble in water and coagulated by heat from egg white (ovalbumin), milk (lactalbumin), vegetables and fruit
Benefits: Tightens and strengthens the skin, emulsifier. Conditions skin and hair.

ALOE VERA GEL

Source: Derived from Chamomile, or synthetic
Benefits: Relieves pain and inflammation of sunburn, refreshing, healing agent, humectant and emollient, softens skin, soothing, absorbing, sun protection, skin hydration UV absorption.

ALPHA BISABOLOL

Source: Derived from Chamomile, or synthetic
Benefits: Anti-inflammatory, soothing, anti-irritant, healing, anti-pyretic, anti-burn. ALPHA HYDROXY ACID AHA's are water soluble acids derived from plants and milk Sources. Citric acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid, malic acid, tartaric are all AHA’s. Alpha Hydroxy Acids are very popular and used in numerous exfoliating products and treatments. Because of their exfoliating properties, care must be practiced n conjunction with proper sun protection.

ALPHA TOCOPHEROL, Vitamin E

Source: Cereal germ oils, wheat germ oil
Benefits: Anti-oxidant/free radical scavenger in the lipid or fatty component of the skin. Heals and repairs tissue. Fat-soluble anti-oxidant and free radical scavenger. Heals and repairs damaged tissues and in reducing scars. It is also a photoprotectant, and helps protect the cellular membrane from free radical damage.

AMINO ACIDS

Source: Body’s building blocks of proteins, synthesized by living cells or are obtained as essential components of the diet.
Benefits: Nutritive, helps water penetrate the skin, enhances water retention and skin moisturization, have a reinforcing effect of the elasticity of the horny layer.

AMINOGUANIDINE

Source: Turnip juice, mushrooms, corn germ, rice hulls, mussels
Benefits: Harnesses the destructive energies of free radicals and conditions collagen to resist A.G.E. Helps support healthy collagen structure. Anti-oxidant. ANTIOXIDANT Antioxidants are free radical scavengers, neutralizing them before they get a chance to do harm to your body. They get their name from their ability to inhibit oxidation. There are lots of different substances we call antioxidants, including many vitamins and minerals. Of course, not all antioxidants are created equal, and some of the most powerful, polyphenol antioxidants, are found in great abundance in pomegranate juice.

ARBUTIN


Source: Leaves from the heath family, Vaccinium, including blueberries, cranberries and bearberries and most pear plants
Benefits: Chiral skin lightener, melanocyte friendly, tyrosinase inhibitor, anti-oxidant, skin conditioner, anti-infection. One of the strongest natural tyrosine inhibitors.

ARGININE

Source: Nuts, especially almonds and walnuts, legumes such as fresh beans, lentils, alfalfa, snow peas, garlic and onion.
Benefits: Semi-essential amino acid, converts in body to Nitric Oxide which has the ability to open up blood vessels, responsible for securing nitrogen-based spin traps in the skin thereby thwarting runaway free-radical production. Conditions skin and hair.

ASCORBIC ACID, Vitamin C

Source: Citrus fruits
Benefits: Preservative, anti-oxidant, skin lightening, the most effective aqueous anti-oxidant in human serum, stimulates and supports those enzymes in the skin that produce and maintain collagen and elastin. Is a good pH adjustor.

AZELAIC ACID

Source: Created by oxygenating Oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid found in milk fats, a dietary component of whole grain cereals and animal products.
Benefits: Pigment emulsifier (skin lightening), inhibits tyrosinase activity. Exfoliant and pH adjustor.

AZULENE EXTRACT


Source: Blue to greenish black hydrocarbon of chamomile flower.
Benefits: Anti-inflammatory and soothing. Coloring agent. Moisturizer. 

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B BALM MINT ESSENTIAL OIL

Source: Leaves and tops of the balm mint
Benefits: Antiseptic, tonic.

BENZOYL PEROXIDE

Source: Made from light coal tar and contains about 70% benzene and 20-30% Toluene.
Benefits: Drying agent in cosmetics, anti-bacterial, antiseptic and anti-fungal.

BENZYL ALCOHOL

Source: Jasmine, Hyacinth and other plants
Benefits: Preservative, solvent, topical antiseptic, fragrance component, decreases viscosity.

BETA-CAROTENE, Pro-vitamin A

Source: Sweet potatoes, carrots, apricots, spinach, collard greens, canned pumpkin, cantaloupe.
Benefits: Anti-carcinogenic, powerful anti-oxidant, free radical scavenger in the lipid or fatty component of skin, precursor of Vitamin A in the body, enhances normal communication between cells, inhibits the oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids.

BETA- FRUCTAN, Fructose

Source: Chains of glucose molecules from the Date Palm.
Benefits: Controls the skin's moisture retention with immune cells helping the skin to self-moisturize, botanical moisturizer, escorts Vitamin C to cell walls to rejuvenate the skin and enhance synthesis. Escorts Vitamin C to the cells, promotes better quality collagen and elastin, dissolves external dirt and internal waste, supplies nitrogen to the skin, helps strengthen the skin's immune cells, is an amino sugar that bolsters the skin's ability to moisturize, strengthen and generally defend itself.

BETA-GLUCOSAMINE

Source: Grain, shellfish and lichen, synovial fluid.
Benefits: D-beta-glucosamine is “skin food”, an ingredient that makes up the skin structure. This aminosugar is a component of hyaluronic acid, one of the glycosaminoglycans (polysaccharide chains) that make up the extracellular matrix (“ground substance”) of the dermis, which contains elastin and collagen. These compounds bind water and are involved in the maintenance of the water and salt balance of the skin. BETA HYDROXY ACID, BHA’s Salicylic Acid. Beta Hydroxy Acids BHA’s are able to penetrate into the pore, which contains sebum, and exfoliate the dead skin cells that are built up inside the pore and around the orifice of the follicle. BHA's digest only the surface cells, do not affect the protective matrix (transepidermal water barrier) and is non-drying with a gentle exfoliation.

BIOTIN, Vitamin H, Vitamin B factor

Source: Every living cell, yeast and milk.
Benefits: Texturizer, healing properties, needed to stimulate healthy circulation of red blood cells, helps with dermatitis. Used to clarify and regenerate the skin.

BISABOLOL

Source: A myrrh-type gum resin obtained from African trees.
Benefits: Anti-inflammatory, reduces sensitivity, wound healer, antipyretic (reduces fever), anti-burn, anti-irritant and soothing.

BOLDINE EXTRACT


Source: Boldo (Peumus Boldus Mol) tree.
Benefits: Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, protects cells and prevents peroxidation, is calming, inhibits intra-cellular oxidants.

BROMELAIN


Source: Enzymes from pineapple.
Benefits: Removes dead skin cells, rejuvenates, moisturizes and softens skin.

BUTCHERBROOM EXTRACT


Source: Roots of the Butcher’s Broom shrub.
Benefits: Strengthens capillary walls, vasoconstrictor, increases circulation, anti-inflammatory, helps tone and relieves puffiness.

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CAFFEINE


Source: Coffee beans, kola nuts, tea.
Benefits: De-puffing, a prophylactic effect and a synergistic effect in an adrenaline type environment, keeping fat from re-depositing without promoting increased fat cell populations, helps stimulate and burn fat.

CALAMINE POWDER


Source: Zinc oxide mixed with Ferric oxide.
Benefits: Mildly astringent and cooling qualities for sunburned or irritated skin.

CALCIFEROL, Vitamin D

Source: Citrus fruit peels, sunflower seeds.
Benefits: Skin healing properties, important factor in epidermal cell turnover.

CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE


Source: Coconut oil.
Benefits: Emollient, has good spreading properties, promotes penetration and pigment dispersions.

CASCARILLA BARK ACID

Source: Bark from Cascarilla Bark tree.
Benefits: Anti-bacterial, moisturizing, softens skin, flavoring.

CASSIA BETA-GLYCAN EXTRACT

Source: Bark from Cassia Angustifolia Vahl.
Benefits: Leaves a filmogenic, bio-substantive, velvety feel to the skin, moisturizing, is a plant Hyaluronic which retains water in skin.

CASTOR OIL

Source: Seed from castor oil plant.
Benefits: Emollient, penetrates skin easily, softens skin, and improves look/texture of skin.

CELLULOSE

Source: Plants
Benefits: Emulsifier, thickener, resists bacterial decomposition, gives uniform viscosity to products.

CERAMIDES, Sphingolipids

Source: Egg yolk
Benefits: Ceramides repair the corneum layer in cases of dry skin and improve skin hydration. CHIRAL/CHIRALITY Chiral is the delivery system used by Scosh Skincare. It delivers ingredients into the skin so they do not lay on top of the skin. Every molecule found in nature is Chiral. (‘kī-rul’, is Greek for hands.) Chiral molecules are identical mirror images of each other, meaning they have a "left" and a "right" chemical orientation, much like our hands. The skin is comprised of millions of chiral receptors, which dictate instructions to the cells. Only through receptors can the body access nutrients, drugs, and locally applied products. Applying the wrong chiral twin to the skin results in either poor response, irritation or no effectiveness. It’s like trying to put a right-handed glove on your left hand, it simply doesn't work. For a product to be optimally effective, it must be received by a specific receptor, therefore chirally correct. Scosh products fit because they are chirally correct. They are more concentrated, more effective and less irritating than any other product available today. The chiral process is so effective that the FDA mandated all new pharmaceuticals must be chirally formulated (if possible) prior to being introduced to the public. In 2001, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was shared by three scientists who devised techniques for and the use of chiral catalysts.

CHOLIC ACID

Source: Aloe saponins
Benefits: Helps dry sebum and control oil, stimulates (D-) ceramide production in skin, inhibits lipogenesis, and emulsifies sebaceous lipids.

COLLAGEN

Source: Bovine cells.
Benefits: Used to fill out acne scars and other depressions like wrinkles by injection, anti-irritant film former keeping the moisture in the skin.

CRANBERRY ENZYMES

Source: Cranberries
Benefits: Anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, nourishes skin.

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D20

Source: Saline lakes and deep sea water
Benefits: Calming, moisturizing, more resistant to evaporation and more protective and ‘plumping’ than normal water on the skin. Has a remarkable protective and preserving action on tissue, apparently due to stabilization of membranes or membranous structures. Accelerates regeneration of tissues from radiation, conditions cell’s surface, anti-bacterial, moister than regular water, extra moist and protective form of H20, resists transporting reactive oxygen and other free-radicals to their sites of tissue damage.

DATE SEED

Source: Fruit of the date
Benefits: Exfoliates, removes dead skin cells, and polishes skin.

DEUTERIUM OXIDE/HEAVY WATER/D2O


Source: Saline lakes and deep sea water
Benefits: Calming, moisturizing, more resistant to evaporation and more protective and ‘plumping’ than normal water on the skin, has a remarkable protective and preserving action on tissue, apparently due to stabilization of membranes or membranous structures. Accelerates regeneration of tissues from radiation, conditions cell’s surface, anti-bacterial, moister than regular water, extra moist and protective form of H20, resists transporting reactive oxygen and other free-radicals to their sites of tissue damage.

DIMETHICONE

Source: Silicone
Benefits: Used as an ointment base ingredient and as a skin protectant, wound healer, increases linking of Hyaluronic acid and other Mucopolysaccharies to protein in connective tissue and skin.

DISTILLED WATER

Source: Pure water
Benefits: Holds the ingredients together, lubricates tissues and cells within our body, and dissolves different forms of matter to facilitate their entry into the blood stream and therefore their movement around the body, facilitates many of the normal chemical reactions within the cells, flushes out toxins.

 EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR, EGF

Source: From live, genetically altered yeast.
Benefits: Healing, repairing, long chain of amino acids, fat-cell population suppressor.

FOLIC ACID, Vitamin B9

Source: Vegetables and fruits.
Benefits: An emollient and antioxidant.

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FREE RADICAL

Free radicals are atoms or molecules in your body with an unpaired electron…making them highly unstable. Because electrons normally come in pairs, the free radicals collide with other molecules in an attempt to steal an electron, and may start a chain reaction, wreaking havoc on your DNA and cells and leading to all kinds of diseases. Free radical scavengers, or antioxidants, bind with the free radicals before they can do their damage.

FRUIT ENZYMES

Source: Enzymes from the Pineapple fruit and stem, and from Spanish moss.
Benefits: Anti-inflammatory, gentle exfoliation, moisturizes, removes dead skin cells, rejuvenates, softens and preps skin.

FULLERSOMES (Fullerenes)

Source: Mineral deposits
Benefits: Carrier, helps nutrients absorb into the skin.

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GAMMA AMINO BUTYRIC ACID, GABA

Source: Amino Acids
Benefits: Important nutrient for body, calming and reduces production of oxygen free radicals, skin lightener, helps inhibit pigmentation, anti-oxidant.

GLUCURONIC ACID


Source: A sugar acid derived from glucose.
Benefits: Chelating agent, pH adjuster, humectant, precursor of Vitamin C in body, moisturizing, and a precursor to Hyaluronic Acid.

GLYCERIN

Source: Vegetable oils/sugar fermentation, polyhydric alcohol.
Benefits: Humectant, water-binding capabilities that allow it to draw and absorb water from the air. Helps skin retain moisture, moisturizer, improves spreading qualities of creams/lotions.

GLYCOLIC ACID POLYMER

Source: Rhubarb
Benefits: Glycolic acid reduces corneocyte cohesion and corneum layer thickening where excess dead skin cell buildup can be associated with many common skin problems. Glycolic acid acts by dissolving the intercellular cement responsible for abnormal keratinization. It also appears to improve skin hydration by enhanced moisture uptake as well as increased binding of water to the stratum corneum. This leads to a sloughing of dead skin cells that has demonstrated effectiveness in helping clear the pores of acne-prone skin; smoothing the fine lines in older, photo-aged skin; and diminishing the signs of actinic keratosis, commonly referred to as age or liver spots. Provides relief to thick, dry skin. Promotes healthy glycine (simplest of all proteins, builds amino acids) production/utilization for collagen and elastin. Smoothes and thickens the skin, using a "polymer" is much more natural to the skin - which itself is a polymer, helps to strengthen collagen and elastin, smoothes flaws.

GRAPE SEED EXTRACT, OIL

Source: Grape seeds
Benefits: Counter-irritant with soothing and anti-bacterial properties, moisturizing and emollient, heals and softens the skin, potent anti-oxidant.

GREEN TEA EXTRACT

Source: Green tea leaves
Benefits: Anti-oxidant, bacteriostatic (an agent that causes inhibition of the growth of bacteria without destruction), soothing, nutritional and healthful qualities and increases the effect of sunscreens, and it also helps prevent irritation of the skin caused by Glycolic Acid and other ingredients that irritate the skin.

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HONEY

Source: Nectar of flowers, honey.
Benefits: Natural anti-bacterial, treats wounds. It contains Hydrogen Peroxide, which it releases slowly, killing any germs that are in the wound. It contains other properties that help generate tissue, possibly vitamin C and amino acids. Assists in balancing out of the pH in this product. Emollient and protective film. Mask containing honeys create a watertight film on the face and permits the skin to re-hydrate itself. Softening, moisturizing.

HORSE CHESTNUT EXTRACT

Source: Seeds of Horse Chestnut plant.
Benefits: Circulation promotion. Has ability to help reduce the permeability of capillaries. Anti-inflammatory, toning, astringent, strengthens capillaries, normalizes circulatory disorders.

HYALURONIC ACID


Source: Protein
Benefits: Occurs naturally in the dermis. Water absorption abilities and large molecular structure allow the epidermis to achieve greater suppleness, proper plasticity and turgor. Natural moisturizer with excellent water binding capabilities. When applied to the skin, hyaluronic acid forms a viscoelastic film in a manner similar to the way it holds water in the intercellular matrix of dermal connective tissues. Ability to retain water gives immediate smoothness to rough skin surfaces and improves skin's appearance.

HYDROCORTISONE

Source: Chemical synthesis/adrenal gland corticosteroid
Benefits: Anti-inflammatory and anti-itching.

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE

Source: Barium Peroxide and Phosphoric acid mixed
Benefits: Supplies the oxygen fuel, brightens, antiseptic, germicide.

HYDROQUINONE

Source: Coal tar or synthetic
Benefits: Skin lightener, pigment lightening agent used in bleaching creams. Boosts the effectiveness of lightening properties (de-pigmentation) in a 2% solution.

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IRON OXIDE

Source: Inorganic compound. Naturally occurring rust.
Benefits: Red/pink color, some slight sun screening ability. Used to color some cosmetics.

JOJOBA OIL, Buxus Chinensis

Source: Bean of the Jojoba shrub
Benefits: Lubricant, skin/hair conditioner, moisturizer, emollient, heals the skin, softens skin, and reduces transepidermal water loss without completely blocking the transportation of water vapor and gases, providing the skin with suppleness and softness. It gives cosmetic products excellent spread ability and lubricity. Highly lubricating and anti-oxidative oil, good on inflamed skins, psoriasis, eczema, acne, hair care and contains a waxy substance that mimics collagen, one of the best oils for providing a barrier to water loss on the skin.

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KAOLIN

Source: Natural silicate, China Clay
Benefits: Absorbs oil and sweat secreted by skin, adheres well to skin's surface yet is easily removed with normal cleansing procedures. Considered non-comedogenic.

KOJIC ACID

Source: Mushrooms
Benefits: Skin lightener, tyrosinase inhibitor. When combined with allantoin and other proper ingredients in sunscreen preparations the mixture can inhibit UV-caused erythema and accelerates wound healing.

 LACTIC ACID

Source: Sour milk, yogurt, beer, sauerkraut and other foods made by bacterial fermentation
Benefits: Exfoliant and moisturizer and provides acidity to a formulation. It is also a component of the skin's natural moisturizing factor. Has a better water intake than glycerin. Ability to increase the water-holding capacity of the corneum layer. Left handed AHA that promotes cell-turnover and protein softening, also anti-microbial agent, pH controlling agent, gently clarifying, evens out discoloration.

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LANOLIN

Source: Oil glands of sheep
Benefits: An emollient with moisturizing properties.

LANOSTEROL

Source: Sterol obtained from lanolin
Benefits: Emollient.

LAVENDER

Source: Flowering tops of Lavender plant/herb
Benefits: Anti-allergenic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antibacterial, antispasmodic, balancing, energizing, soothing, healing, tonic, stimulating. Helps clean little wounds after washing and regulates skin functions. May also have insect repellent properties. Benefit to dermis is immediate since it is easily and rapidly absorbed by the skin. Is said to normalize any skin type and stimulates cellular growth and regeneration, enhances penetration of pumpkin seed compounds into the skin, fragrance.

LICORICE ROOT EXTRACT

Source: Roots and stems of Licorice plant
Benefits: Anti-irritant, an ability to absorb UVA and UVB rays. De-pigmenting (natural lightener) effect as well as an inhibitory effect on melanin synthesis due to its ability to act as a tyrosinase inhibitor. As a depigmenting agent it is more effective than Kojic Acid and 75 times more effective than Ascorbic Acid. Natural anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties to calm skin and neutralize those invaders that are taking advantage of a compromised immune system. Anti-irritant, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant.

LIPOSOMES

Source: Natural yolk and soybean lecithin phospholipids, manufactured from fatty substances including phospholipids
Benefits: Double layer, hollow, spherical phospholipid membrane vesicles able to encapsulate water-soluble as well as oil soluble substances (softens proteins and peptides). When loaded with skin care agents, liposomes may assist moisturizers by providing deeper levels of epidermal hydration. In addition to their carrier abilities and penetration properties, liposomes leave the upper stratum corneum with a pleasant and smooth feeling, has deep penetrating ability for emollient effectiveness.

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MALIC ACID

Source: Apples and grapes
Benefits: Enhances stratum corneum desquamation (cell turnover) and improves skin’s appearance.

MANDELIC ACID

Source: Bitter almonds
Benefits: Humectant, skin conditioner, anti-oxidant. Suppresses pigmentation, Inflammatory noncystic acne, increases cell turnover and is anti-bacterial. MENTHOL

Source: Japanese mint
Benefits: Antiseptic, cooling, refreshing and a blood circulation stimulant. Menthol gives the skin a 'cool' feeling after use. Anti-bacterial, helps ingredients penetrate, can be soothing to skin if used in amount of 1% or less, keeps skin chirally pure during aging, free-radical scavenger, fragrance.

MICA

Source: Silicon
Benefits: Texturizer, lubricant, coloring agent.

MUSHROOM EXTRACT

Source: Mushrooms
Benefits: An astringent that reduces and normalizes increased sebum production.

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NIACINAMIDE

Source: Enzyme cofactor of Vitamin B
Benefits: Anti-inflammatory, inhibits melanogenesis.

OLIVE OIL

Source: Ripe olives from Mediterranean Sea
Benefits: Lubricant, anti-wrinkle and soothing. It can also stimulate collagen and elastin synthesis.

OVALBUMIN

Source: Egg white
Benefits: Tightens and strengthens the skin, emulsifier, firms, and tones.

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PAPAIN, Papaya enzymes

Source: Pawpaw/papaya tree, proteolytic enzyme isolated from the latex of the green fruit and leaves of Carica papaya
Benefits: Cleansing, antiseptic, exfoliates, moisturizes, softens, and rejuvenates.

PANTHENOL, Vitamin B5

Source: The alcohol of panthenol, Vitamin B complex factor/Provitamin B5 which penetrates the skin where it is converted to Panthothenic Acid.
Benefits: Emollient, hydrating, anti-inflammatory, relieves itching and soothes sunburn, appears to stimulate cellular proliferation and aid in tissue repair. Also improves skin hydration.

PARSOL, Avobenzene

Source: Aromatic compound of Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane
Benefits: Chemical sunscreen that filters out the full spectrum of UVA rays.

PENTAPEPTIDES, Matrixyl

Source: Amino acids
Benefits: Increase skin thickness and improve skin roughness, wrinkle volume and wrinkle depth. Reinvigorate fibroblasts to produce significant quantities of collagen and glycosaminoglycans to restore dermal matrix. PHOTOPROTECTIVE Pertaining to products or ingredients that help minimize the damages that the human body suffers when exposed to UV-irradiation. These damages are mostly occurring in the skin, but the rest of the body can be affected by the oxidative stress that is produced by UV-light. Vitamin C, Ascorbic acid is a well known photoprotective ingredient.

PINEAPPLE ENZYMES, Papain

Source: Juice of a pineapple
Benefits: Exfoliant, skin softening, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory.

POMEGRANATE EXTRACT

Source: Pomegranate fruit
Benefits: Astringent, anti-parasitic, has polyphenols which are anti-oxidants, can boost the SPF power of sunscreens by more than 20%.

PUMPKIN OIL

Source: Pumpkin
Benefits: An exfoliation accelerator, a powerful antioxidant, and very mild retinoic acid substitute, activates cell-turnover, great prep for much stronger peels. Has keratolytic properties.

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RED GRAPESEED EXTRACT

Source: Grape seeds
Benefits: Potent anti-oxidant.

RED WINE

Source: Red Wine
Benefits: Increases cellular energy that is important to the repair of cellular damage (promotes ATP synthesis). Increases skin collagen content while suppressing tendency towards cross linking of fibers, offers a degree of protection from solar-induced photo-decomposition of topically-applied nutrients for the skin. Protects the dermis from epithelial atrophy and promotes evenness of skin color, acts as a powerful anti-oxidant, anti-peroxidant, capillary protective, anti-tumor, anti-viral and anti-cancer agent.

RESORCINOL

Source: Aromatic phenol from Galbanum or Asafetida resins
Benefits: In mild solutions it can be used as an antiseptic and soothing preparation for itchy skin. In higher concentrations it removes surface layer of skin (dry dead cells). In even higher concentrations it can be an aggressive surface skin exfoliant. Causes skin to peel. Good for acne and dandruff, anti-pruritic (anti-itching), preservative, anti-bacterial and keratolytic.

RESVERATROL, Polydatin, Wine

Source: Skin of red grape, wine, peanuts, pine nuts
Benefits: Anti-oxidant, anti-carcegenic, dilates blood vessels, soothing, anti-inflammatory, stimulates cellular proliferation and collagen synthesis, inhibits proteases, and blocks deleterious effects from UVB radiation. Polyphenol. RETINOL, Vitamin A

Source: Milk products, egg yolk, liver, and is formed in the body from B-carotene, cabbage, lettuce and carrots
Benefits: Skin renewing Vitamin A essential for tissue growth, maintenance of soft mucous tissue, revitalizes the skin, skin renewing vitamin A.

RETINYL PALMITATE, Vitamin A Palmitate

Source: Ester of retinol and palmitic acid
Benefits: Skin conditioner. Stimulates the production of more epidermal protein and increases skin elasticity. It is also used to reduce fine lines and wrinkles and prevents skin roughness resulting from UV exposure.

ROSEMARY ESSENTIAL OIL

Source: Flowers and leaves from Rosemary herb
Benefits: Cleansing, improves circulation, antiseptic, relieves muscle tension, rejuvenates and strengthens capillary walls, protecting, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant.

RUTIN, Vitamin P

Source: Yellow pansy flower pigment, rue leaves, buckwheat, other plants
Benefits: Tightening and strengthening properties for skin capillaries, thus helping prevent a couperose condition. Anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and capillary protectant, greatly magnify the effects of adrenaline-type fat-dissolvers used in cellulite creams, yellow pigment.

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 SALICYLIC ACID, Benzoic Acid

Source: Bark of the willow tree
Benefits: Anti-seborrheic, anti-aczemic, anti-pyretic, softens the keratinized barrier cells, helps dissolve top layer of corneum cells and improves look and feel of the skin. Reduces structural stress of afflicted areas, antiseptic and preservative, also known for its analgesic and antipyretic properties, improves look and feel of skin, anti-bacterial and keratolytic, helps eliminate clogged pores, beta-hydroxy responsible for oxygenating and detoxifying.

SAPONINS

Source: Natural compounds derived from sugars that occur in plants such as soapbark, soapwort, and sarsaparilla
Benefits: Provides a protective barrier on the skin, but is also the perfect emulsifier of oxygenation material with the skin’s lipid layer. Foaming ingredient – produces fine bubble lather, emulsifying, reduce surface tensions. SCOSH (skōsh) n. (1) a little bit; derivative of the Japanese word Scoshi. Scosh Makeup and Skincare products are beautifully hyperpigmented and hyperingrediented so that you only need to use a little bit, and take a little bit of your time.

SHEA BUTTER

Source: Karite tree fruit
Benefits: Powerful anti-oxidant and free radical neutralizer. Prevents lipid-peroxidation in epidermis. Alleviates skin dryness (moisturizing), water soluble emollient. Has good skin hydrating properties, is used in cosmetics for a soft skin sensation Benefits indicate it increases epidermal thickness, alleviates skin dryness, sun protection, reduces erythema, powerful anti-oxidant, free-radical neutralizer, rapidly absorbed and assimilated into the skin, combats lipid erosion in aging skin, safe, conditions cells to a state of auto-protection, facilitates growth of local capillary circulation resulting in tissue reoxygenation and improved metabolic waste elimination. Moisturizing, protective, helps with puffiness.

SILICONE

Source: Oil, rubber, resin, powder of natural silica (from rocks)
Benefits: Increase products protection capabilities against water evaporation from the skin. Gives improved softness, gloss and feel. Repels water and skin adherent. Used as a coloring agent.

SODIUM HYALURONATE, Hyaluronic acid

Source: The natural mucopolysaccharide formed by bonding N-acetyl-D-glucosamine with glucuronic acid, Sodium salt of hyaluronic acid - from fluid in the eye
Benefits: Moisturizing agent, increases viscosity, emulsifier, promotes hydration so that tissue swelling will allow more cells to migrate into the additional space between collagen fibers. Makes skin feel plumper and moister without feeling oily. Gelling agent.

SPIN TRAP

Source: Derived from Nitrogen
Benefits: Anti-oxidant Instead of destroying the rogue oxygen, it traps free radicals and then escorts it back into the respiratory cycle where it is utilized in tissue respiration, captures and re-directs the spinning free radicals.

SQUALANE

Source: Olives, wheat germ and rice bran, plant Sources
Benefits: Moisturizing, lubricant, may reduce skin irritation and allergic responses, lipid similar to what the body produces naturally to lubricate and heal.

SULFUR

Source: Naturally occurring
Benefits: Stimulant to healing, mild antiseptic, healing and drying of blemishes, may exhibit cell-regenerating functions.

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TARTARIC ACID

Source: Apples and grapes
Benefits: As an alpha-hydroxy acid, tartaric acid is used to enhance stratum corneum desquamation (cell turnover) and improves the skin’s appearance.

TEA TREE OIL

Source: Leaves of Melaleuka Alternifolia tree
Benefits: Anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, accelerates healing of skin disorders, penetrates skin quickly, natural preservative with antiseptic, germicidal and expectorant properties.

TITANIUM DIOXIDE

Source: Inorganic salt, mineral
Benefits: Non-chemical SPF contributor. When applied it remains on the skins surface basically scattering UV light. Catalyst for anti-bacterial and anti-viral activity. Used as a pigment, brilliance and reflectivity properties. Provides the best natural physical block of UVB and UVA rays. This reflects the sun’s rays away from the skin therefore providing a physical barrier (known as a sunblock). TOTAROL

Source: Totara tree in New Zealand
Benefits: Anti-oxidant and antibacterial.

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URIC ACID

Source: Formed as a result of purine degradation
Benefits: Scavenges free radicals from the dermal vasculature, it is converted to allantoin, which stimulates epithelial formation, improving the skin's ability to heal itself.

VITAMIN A PALMITATE, Retinol

Source: Retinol e.g. cod liver oil, liver, egg yolks and dairy products, carotenoids e.g. dark green leafy vegetables (spinach and broccoli), yellow-orange vegetable (carrots, squash, cantaloupe) and red vegetables (tomatoes)
Benefits: Can act as a keratinization regulator, helping to improve skin's texture, firmness and smoothness. It is believed that Vitamin A esters, once in the skin, convert to retinoic acid and provide anti-aging benefits. Vitamin A is believed to be essential for the generation and function of skin cells. Surface application of Vitamin A helps prevent skin dryness and scaliness, keeping the skin healthy, clear, and infection resistant. Its skin regenerating properties appear enhanced when combined with Vitamin E. Natural vitamin A has healing properties, is an anti-oxidant. Maintains health of moist, soft tissues such as mucous membranes, skin, hair and eyes, repair and renewal vitamin.

VITAMIN B COMPLEX, Panthothenic acid/Folic acid

Source: Alfalfa, asparagus, brewer's yeast, brown rice, soy products, lentils
Benefits: Acts as a penetrating moisturizer. Appears to stimulate cellular proliferation and aides in tissue repair. Studies indicate that when topically applied, Panthenol penetrates the skin and is converted into Panthothenic Acid, a B complex vitamin. Non-irritating, non-sensitizing, moisturizing and conditioning feel and promotes normal keratinization and wound healing. Protects the skin against sunburn, provides relief for existing sunburn and enhances natural tanning process. Its humectant character enables panthenol to hold water in the product or attract water from the environment, resulting in a moisturizing effect. As a skin softener it provides suppleness, and claims are that it also acts as an anti-inflammatory agent.

VITAMIN B12

Source: Brewer’s yeast, sea vegetables, soybeans, alfalfa
Benefits: Aids in cell formation and cellular longevity, promotes growth of new skin cells.

VITAMIN E, D-alpha tocopherol

Source: Vegetable Sources e.g. wheat germ oil. All green leafy vegetables, brown rice, cold-pressed oils, cornmeal, dry beans, eggs, milk, nuts
Benefits: Fat soluble anti-oxidant and free radical scavenger. Heals and repairs damaged tissues and in reducing scars. It is also a photoprotectant, and helps protect the cellular membrane from free radical damage. Serves as a preservative function due to its ability to protect against oxidation. It is well absorbed through the skin, demonstrating a strong affinity with small blood vessels. Considered to improve the skin's water-binding ability. Vitamin E emulsions have been found to reduce transepidermal water loss, thereby improving the appearance of rough, dry, and damaged skin. This vitamin is also believed to help maintain the connective tissue. There is also evidence that Vitamin E is effective in preventing irritation, due to sun exposure. Vitamin E appears to counteract decreased functioning of the sebaceous glands and reduce excessive skin pigmentation, which is found to increase almost linearly with age, natural healing and anti-oxidants of vitamin E.

VITAMIN K1

Source: Soybean oil, and in dark-green vegetables
Benefits: Helps eliminates spider veins (dilated or broken capillaries) and bruising. Reduces diffuse background redness and markedly speeds up bruise and scar healing times.

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WASABI

Source: Wasabia Japonica plant
Benefits: Anti-carcegenic, anti-bacterial, anti-microbial

WHITE WILLOW BARK EXTRACT

Source: Bark of Willow
Benefits: Contains glycoside salicin, which is an analgesic.

WILLOW HERB EXTRACT

Source: Willow herb
Benefits: Cleansing, excellent natural alternative to hydrocortisone, naturally soothing, anti-inflammatory botanical. WILD CHERRY BARK EXTRACT

Source: Dried stem and bark
Benefits: Soothing, anti-inflammatory.

WINE EXTRACT

Source: Wine polyphenols
Benefits: Potent anti-oxidants.

WINE PHYTOALEXINS

Source: Wine polyphenols
Benefits: Potent anti-oxidants.

WITCH HAZEL EXTRACT

Source: Botanical extracts from leaves and bark
Benefits: Good for topical treatment of burns, sunburns, skin irritation, insect bites and bruises. It is credited with anti-inflammatory and wound-healing properties. Often used for its anti-itching, softening, and emollient properties. Effective against free radicals and is being used in solar products. Counters effect of UVA by its anti-free radical activity while acting as a UVA and UVB absorber.

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YAM EXTRACT

Source: Plant material derived from Dioscorea villosa
Benefits: Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, rich in vitamins, natural skin lightener.

YLANG YLANG ESSENTIAL OIL

Source: Flowers of the Ylang Ylang tree
Benefits: Fragrance.

YUCCA SAPONINS EXTRACT

Source: Leaves and roots of the yucca
Benefits: Increases cell growth, anti-irritant.

ZEOLITE

Source: Hydrated silicate from volcanoes. Cage Zeolites,
Benefits: Crystalline hydrated silicates ‘trap’ heavy metal pollutants.

ZINC

Source: Oligoelement, trace element or micronutrient
Benefits: Accelerates wound healing, offers protection against UV protection. Promotes collagen synthesis in the dermis and keratinization of the corneum layer. Useful for acne since it lowers sebaceous secretion, used in the treatment of psoriasis.

ZINC OXIDE

Source: Water insoluble white solid that occurs in nature as Zincite, or from Zinc Ore a commonly found mineral
Benefits: Has been used to protect, soothe and heal the skin. Provides an excellent barrier to the sun and other irritants. Astringent, antiseptic, and anti-bacterial. When used in sunscreen preparations, can contribute to and/or increase SPF. Has UVA and UVB absorption characteristics. It is also used when a white color is desired for a product. Offers relief for some rosacea sufferers. Has a natural mineral that is an excellent UV block.

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